Exercise 5a: Attitude Changes


In this lesson, the student will continue to gain proficiency on the effects of flight controls. They will learn to understand the concept of attitude and how to select and maintain a constant attitude or speed.




  1. Demonstrate how to visually select and maintain an attitude with reference to the natural horizon against a fixed point reference in the aircraft (Compass)
  2. Demonstrate the relationship between the cyclic position, disc attitude, fuselage attitude and airspeed emphasizing small smooth inputs on flying controls.
  3. Reaffirm visually the magnitude of change required for a given magnitude of airspeed (1” attitude change = 10kts)
  4. Demonstrate the resultant effect of dissymmetry of lift, and how to correct for flap back and flap forward.
  5. Allow the student to visually select an attitude, hold for flap back/Flap forward, scan relevant flight instrument to confirm accuracy of attitude selection, prompt eyes back outside to make correction or initiate a new change.
  6. Take note of the student’s seat posture and grip of the cyclic.
  7. Emphasize the necessity to keep hands and feet on the controls at all times, as well as positive exchange of flight controls.




At the completion of this lesson, the student must be able to visually select and hold a given attitude. They need to understand the relationship between airspeed and attitude. They will become familiar with the flight scan, and be able to correctly interpret the ASI and its relation to attitude, airspeed and corresponding cyclic input requirement. They will be made aware of the importance of visually selecting and correcting for a flight attitude and the associated lag in instrument effect, and thus the necessity to not fixate on the flight instrument.

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