Exercise 6b: Climbing and descending

 

OBJECTIVES:

 

In this lesson, the student will be able to correctly initiate, and level off from a climb or descent whilst maintaining airspeed, balance, direction and a given ROC or ROD.

 

LESSON CONTENT:

 

  1. Further brief the power required/power available graph with specific reference to climbing speeds.
  2. Recap the use of the power limitation chart before flight. Calculate the MCP, AND MTOP for given conditions.
  3. Establish normal cruising attitude, pointing out associated power setting to maintain straight and level flight. Maintain direction and balance. (70KIAS, Approximately 18/19”)
  4. Demonstrate how to initiate a climb from cruising flight by first selecting Attitude then Power. As the speed decreases through 70KIAS, Smoothly introduce climbing power, hold forward pressure for nose pitching up to maintain 65kt attitude, correct for balance and maintain power for best ROC speed.
  5. Demonstrate how to level off from a climb by first selecting cruise attitude, then power at 10% ROC before assigned altitude. As the speed starts to increase through 70kts, decrease power to cruise power setting and correct for balance.
  6. Demonstrate how to initiate a descent from cruising flight by first selecting power then attitude. Set descent power to maintain given ROD, then select attitude, hold aft pressure for nose pitching down to maintain 65kt attitude, correct for balance and maintain power for best ROD speed.
  7. Demonstrate how to level off from a descent by first selecting cruise power, then attitude. At 10% of the ROD before assigned altitude, smoothly increase power to cruise power, correct for balance, select and hold cruise attitude for nose pitching up.
  8. The scan check will become more active, information from the VSI and Altimeter will have to be correctly interpreted in order to stay ahead of the aircraft in order to correctly initiate a level off from a climb or descent.
  9. As more information is to be read off and interpreted from the scan check, the student must not be allowed to fixate on the instruments.
  10. Radio call responsibilities need to start being delegated to the student.

 

 

COMPLETION STANDARDS:

 

At the completion of this lesson, the student must be able to correctly initiate a straight climb and descent from cruise flight and to level off at an assigned altitude, maintaining direction and balance. The student will understand key speeds and power setting requirements for straight and level, climb and descending phases of flight. The concept of cockpit management shall be introduced in the format of setting assigned QNH, Squawk codes as well as setting and selecting relevant radio frequencies whilst maintaining control of the aircraft. The student will also be responsible for certain radio calls.

 

 

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